1. The life expectancy of a Canada goose [Branta canadensis] is about 20 years.
2. A Canada goose weighs 20 – 25 lbs and has a wingspread of up to 64″.
3. Migratory geese nest in Canada and their migratory flight range is 2-3000 miles.
4. Canada geese have been known to fly 1000 kms in a day.
5. Canada geese mate for life; they will find a new mate if their mate dies or is killed. Their mating season is February to March.
6. The instinct to return to their general area or birth is very strong. Migratory geese fly 2-3000 miles to return to these sites.
7. When egg laying begins the “Father” goose will stand sentinel watch nearby, but not so close as to give away location of nest to a predator. When a solitary goose is seen during nesting season a nest is somewhere in the vicinity.
8. The eggs in a nest are called a “clutch”.
9. Mother goose waits until all eggs are laid before she begins to sit on nest to incubate eggs. Incubation time is 28 – 30 days.
10. Baby geese are called “goslings”.
11. Goslings can fly approximately 2 – 3 months after hatching.
12. Natural predators of geese are foxes, raccoons, owls and snapping turtles.
13. Scientists have determined that the V-shaped formation that geese use when migrating serves two important purposes:
(a) first, it conserves their energy. Each bird flies slightly above the bird in front of him, resulting in a reduction of wind resistance. The birds take turns being in the front, falling back when they get tired. In this way, the geese can fly for a long time before they must stop for rest.
(b) the second benefit to the V formation is that it is easy to keep track of every bird in the group. Fighter pilots often use this formation for the same reason.